Release and Related White Paper Support Pathway to Public Transport Interoperability
The NFC Forum released its Certification Program and, related to it, the publication of the NFC-enabled e-Ticketing in Public Transport: Clearing the Route to Interoperability white paper. Certification Release 10 (CR10) provides support for functionality introduced in the NFC Forum’s Analog Technical Specification 2.0.
CR10 ensures interoperability between an NFC device and the ISO/IEC 14443 and ISO/IEC 18092-based infrastructure and cards that are in use in many of the contactless transportation systems worldwide. The white paper complements the certification release by providing solutions to interoperability issues that affect the deployment and use of NFC-enabled smartphone eTicketing services in the contactless transportation systems. The white paper was created with input from eight key transportation organizations including Public Transport Operators (PTO) and global standards bodies. It is free.
With the technology and standards now available to enable radio frequency (RF) interoperability, PTOs, Mobile Network Operators (MNO) and handset makers can rely on certification by the NFC Forum to ensure that a tested and certified device will interoperate with public transport systems and deliver a positive user experience.
Implementing this solution will increase consumer use of NFC-enabled smartphones for simplifying and accelerating fare purchases, providing one-touch entry to ticket gates, supporting ancillary applications (such as real-time travel updates and loyalty programs), and enabling use of the same means of payment and access to multiple modes of public transport (rail, bus, subway, etc.).
Industry Collaboration to Harmonize Specifications
Achieving RF interoperability was a concerted effort spanning the global public transport ecosystem. The NFC Forum and EMVCo were the first to agree upon cooperation that targeted the harmonization of analog/RF and digital layer specifications for NFC mobile devices. The NFC Forum has since extended the scope of the effort by establishing similar relationships with transport organizations and other standardization organizations. In 2015, the NFC Forum and The Global System for Mobile (GSMA) launched an initiative in concert with global public transport representatives, including the American Public Transportation Association; East Japan Railway Company; European Committee for Standardization; International Organization for Standardization; ITSO, a UK-backed smart ticketing standards organization; Smart Ticketing Alliance; and other standards bodies.
According to the World Health Organization, over 50 percent of the world’s population lives in cities. This population density combined with over two billion NFC-enabled devices in use is an ideal environment for deploying NFC eTicketing solutions and services. Automatic fare collection systems or electronic ticketing and innovative transport ticketing solutions were created as a way of meeting this growing demand and creating a better travel experience.